ICFO L4H Seminar by Sophie Brasselet
Director of research CNRS and Director of Institut Fresnel
Imaging molecular orientation at the nanoscale in live cells and tissues is fundamental in the understanding of proteins’ organization, which is driven by their structural and conformational properties. Measuring fluorescent molecules’ orientation is an interesting way to approach this problem, providing that the label is rigidly attached to the protein of interest. Despite the great progresses in fluorescence imaging down to nanometric scales, in particular by the use of single molecule (SM) localization-based super resolution imaging, orientations imaging is still only at its early stage. Measuring single molecules’ 3D orientations in addition to their 3D spatial localization is in particular, still today, a challenge, due to the intrinsic coupling of both spatial and orientational parameters in the SM point spread function (PSF) image formation. We present polarized fluorescence microscopy methods that are able to report both orientational and spatial information from single molecules in a non-ambiguous way. These methods, based on polarized splitting imaging or Fourier plane polarization and phase manipulation, give access to orientation parameters including the label wobbling extent, with a few degrees precision, in combination with 10’s nm spatial localization precision. We present the potential of these approaches for the imaging of the nanoscale organization of actin in cells, from very organized stress fiber bundles to complex networks in the cell lamellipodia.
Sophie Brasselet is an optical physicist. She has obtained her PhD in 1997 at the University of Paris Sud, on the study of multipolar molecules applied to nonlinear optics in polymers. She then spent two years as a postdoctoral fellow at UCSD and Stanford University (USA) with W.E. Moerner on the development of single molecule imaging methods in cells. After six years at ENS Cachan (France) as an assistant professor, she was recruited as a CNRS researcher at Fresnel Institute (Marseille). She is now a CNRS research director and the director of this institute. She has been developing non-linear optical microscopy and super-resolved fluorescence microscopy based on the control of light polarization for the last fifteen years, with the goal to provide new imaging methods capable of accessing structural information in biological samples at the nanoscale. She was awarded the CNRS silver medal in 2016 for this work. She is currently extending these approaches to 3D polarized imaging with fast dynamics and in scattering tissues, to adapt them to in vivo situations suitable for biomedical optics.