Patents and other IPR for researchers

Event Details

This event finished on 24 November 2021

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The course will have a Part 2 on November 26

This course offers an overview of everything you would like to know about protecting your ideas and your research. Join us to be taught on patents and other intellectual and property rights, a complex and multidisciplinary field, and be ready to take your research one step further.

The course is divided in two big blocks: the first two days you will learn all the concepts and data you need to know, and the third day we will present real examples from tech transfer departments from BIST centres, so you can see the application of everything you learnt.

This three-day course is targeted at researchers of all disciplines with advanced ideas and projects that need to get ready for IP protection, but also for those who are interested in tech transfer, in learning how to read a patent, or in taking full advantages of the possibilities of technology transfer. Designed mostly for postdocs and junior leaders, it is open to predocs, managers and senior group leaders, from both the BIST centres and external institutions.

If you are working at a BIST centre, please contact your HR/Training department before completing the registration and payment form.

Register here



November 23 and 24, 2001 • from 9:00h to 13:00h


Methodology and materials

Attendants will receive in advance all the slides (one per page, adapted to screen watching) and some supplementary material on PDF. Classes will be held online on the Zoom Professional platform, simultaneously seeing the current slide and the professor image, with interaction possibilities. The working language will be English, although Spanish may also be used for questions.



Pascual Segura

Spanish patent attorney of the University of Barcelona (UB). Founder and director of the UB Patent Centre. Chemist (MSc in Chemistry at Univ. Valencia; PhD at UB; postdoc at Univ. California Santa Cruz). Elected member of the first Academic Advisory Board of the European Patent Academy, European Patent Office. With 30 years of training experience on international patent law and practice.



  • The myth of the inventor as a solitary genius: PCR vs. CRISPR-Cas9.
  • Misunderstanding on patents: ‘waiving’ patents on COVID-19 vaccines (particularly the BioNTech one).
  • Role of patents and regulatory marketing exclusivity in prices of hepatitis-C treatment with Sovaldi® (sofosbuvir).
1. IPR as Economic Intangible Assets
  • Protection against imitation of information associated to economic investment.
  • Different Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) for protecting different kinds of information, with different durations and characteristics. Priority rights.
  • Intangible assets that can be transferred.
2. Overview on ‘Non-technological’ IPR
  • Copyright and neighboring rights’ as protection of all kinds of creative works, including computer programs and databases.
  • Trademarks (national, ‘international’, and EU) as protection of distinctiveness.
  • Industrial Designs (national, ‘international’, and EU) as protection of external appearance, separated from function.
3. Know-How and Business Information
  • Know-how as a protection of technology by keeping it confidential.
  • (Lawful) reverse engineering vs. (unlawful) industrial espionage.
  • Brainstorming about how to protect our own technology: pros and cons of patents vs. know-how.
  • Non-disclosure agreements (NDA) and people tacitly bound by secrecy.
4. Protection of Inventions: Patents and Utility Models
  • Protection of technology by property titles: how a discovery gives rise to a patentable invention, and how can patents help your business.
  • What to do first when you think you have a patentable invention: no conflicts between patenting and publishing.
  • Patentability requirements: technical character, eligibility, novelty, inventive step (non-obviousness), enabling disclosure, etc.; peculiarities of utility models.
  • Special requirements of biotech inventions.
  • The reason behind the patent system.
5. How to Read a Patent: Description and Claims
  • How a patent application is drafted with the help of a patent expert.
  • Comparison between a full paper and a patent document.
  • A patent claim as a defining sentence of a set of technical subject-matter.
  • Rights conferred by a claim depend on its type: product/entity, process/method/activity, and process to obtain.
  • Drafting and infringement of a standard (open-ended) claim.
  • Drafting and infringement of a Markush (closed-ended) claim.
  • Claims written with dependency and/or definition references.
6. Company Patent Policy: Filing and Prosecution
  • Deciding what is worth being patented: role of patents in different fields of technology.
  • Where (i.e. in which countries) to invest in trying to get patent protection, based on market size (GDP), enforcement, prosecution and cost.
  • How to get patent protection in several countries: priority filings; filing a PCT (international) application to keep open the possibility of patenting; entering the PCT into the European Patent Office (EPO) and into national offices.
  • Typical patent procedure in an IP5 office: US, EPO, China, Japan and South Korea.
  • The future European Patent with Unitary Effect, and the Unified Patent Court.
7. Patent Enforcement
  • Jurisdictions.
  • Direct vs. indirect infringement; literal vs. non-literal claim interpretation.
  • Infringement exemptions: the public, medical & veterinary doctors, pharmacists, experimental acts, etc.
  • Dispute resolution: litigation vs. arbitration.
8. Ownership vs. Inventorship
  • Who are inventors: conception and reduction to practice.
  • Inventors’ rights: private (‘backyard’) inventions vs. labor inventions (by employment or contract).
  • Co-inventorship and co-ownership.
  • Academic inventors and their rights to participate in benefits.
  • Avoiding typical inventors’ errors.
9. Making Money out of Patents and Know-How
  • Negotiating technology transfer.
  • License, assignment and option agreements.
  • Valuation of the commercial interest of an invention: “the 25% rule”.
  • Non-disclosure agreements (NDA) and material-transfer agreements (MTA).
10. Patents as Information Source
  • Patent documents as the largest source of technical (not scientific) information: exclusive and free-of-charge.
  • Codified information on front pages of patent documents, and kinds of documents: A, B, T.
  • IP Due Diligence and Freedom-To-Operate.
  • How to find patent documents: patent classification, CAS-SciFinder & Espacenet databases.

Note: Approach will be international. All IPR will be illustrated with real cases. There will be examples of patents from most technical fields: electromechanics, chemistry, pharmacy, biotechnology, computer-implemented inventions, etc.




November 26, 2001 • from 9:30h to 12:30h



All people attending the first part of the course will have access to this second part. It will be imparted by some KTT representatives from the BIST centres, and will showcase some real examples of innovation happening in them.




BIST members: 100€

Non-BIST members: 150€